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European Award to Trentino’s Urology

02/08/2022 By

Artificial intelligence to support patient management on the antibiotic resistance front.

A prestigious European recognition for Trentino’s urology, thanks to scientific work conceived and coordinated by the urology clinic that used complex algorithms and artificial intelligence to support the management of patients with urinary tract infections undergoing antibiotic therapy. This major success on the front of antibiotic resistance (the inability of a specific antibiotic to kill germs) was made possible by the use of a neural network, a specific kind of artificial intelligence capable not only of analyzing data from the patient’s medical history and local antibiotic resistance, but also of “learning” during the analysis so as to reach particularly high levels of efficiency. All for the benefit of clinical practice. The work of the Trentino team received the award during the European Society of Urology (EAU) congress, which saw nearly 10,000 urologists from around the world gather in Amsterdam. The award-winning study, titled: “Artificial intelligence to guide antibiotic choice in recurrent uti: Is it the right way for improving antimicrobial stewardship?” was designed to address a very important and frequent problem, i.e. antibiotic resistance. “The WHO has calculated,” says the director of the Infectious Diseases Unit Massimiliano Lanzafame -“that by 2050 we could have more than 300,000 deaths in Europe from infections with bacteria that do not respond to antibiotic therapy. That is why we must return to good clinical practice and use antibiotics very carefully and preserve their function. Very often – Lanzafame added – we find ourselves using many antibiotics and many cycles of antibiotics without a real need or at least without having properly assessed all the risks we may have”. “Patients with recurrent urinary tract infections,” said Acting Director of the Urology Clinic Tommaso Cai -are precisely a category that may be at risk for high exposure to antibiotics. In these patients, in fact, the continuous symptomatic relapses impose very often the use of antibiotic therapy”. “Prescribing, however,” Cai stressed, “must be done accurately, that is, taking into account certain parameters specific to the patient’s medical history and local resistance. The analysis of the interaction of all these parameters is complex and needs a more complex system of analysis.” Hence the idea of using artificial intelligence to support the analysis of data and their interaction.

This is not the first time that artificial intelligence has been used in urology conditions and other areas of medicine. The results are there and they are really encouraging. With this in mind, the Trento Province Health System has launched some important collaborations with research institutes in our area: meetings are underway to develop further innovative projects as part of the activities conducted by TrentinoSalute4.0 digital health competence center , which sees the Autonomous Province of Trento, Apss and Fondazione Bruno Kessler working side by side.

This new frontier of medicine thus fits into a landscape of advanced research that Apss is pursuing nationally and internationally, supporting lines of research that are bringing relevant benefits to patients and to the community.

Notice by the Trento Province Healthcare System.

edited by Veronica Tretter – APSS Communication Office

Trento, August 2, 2022

About the Author

Marzia Lucianer: Marzia Lucianer, giornalista scientifica, responsabile Press Office and Digital Communication di TrentinoSalute4.0